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History Of Turkish Language

Turkish is a very ancient language and belongs to the Altaic branch of the Ural-Altaic  family of languages. As one of the most widely  spoken  languages in the world, it is spoken  by almost  65  million  people in  Turkey  and over a large geographical area in Europe and Asia.

It is spoken in Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan,  Kyrgyzstan, Uigur and some population in Cyprus (11.6%) Mongolia (1%),  Iran (Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Turkish 1%) Iraq (10%). Furthermore, over  a million  speakers  are found in Bulgaria, Macedonia  and  Greece, more than 1.5  million speakers  live in Germany and nearly half a million live  in  other  European countries.

With a few exceptions, the main features which distinguish the Altaic languages from Indo-European are as follows:

  • Vowel harmony is a feature of all Ural-Altaic tongues.

  • No gender.

  • Agglutination.

  • Adjectives precede nouns.

  • Verbs come at the end of the sentence.

 

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